The Ving Tsun curriculum is condensed into three forms, a pattern of techniques that flow together that work on details, precision, and conditioning the body. Through form practice, the student learns to refine their techniques to a higher level and integrate the movements into muscle memory. There are three empty handed forms in Ving Tsun:
Siu Nim Tao
Best translated as “the little idea”, “beginning idea”, or even “Shaolin Way”, Siu Nim Tao is the first form of the Ving Tsun system and it is form that you’ll study extensively throughout your training. Siu Nim Tao describes the fundamentals of Ving Tsun: centerline theory, forward energy, a strong horse stance, and power through relaxation. Siu Num Tao introduces both offensive and defensive techniques.
Translated as “seeking” the bridge, Chum Kiu is an advancement from Siu Num Tao that includes bridging techniques that instruct the student on receiving and redirecting incoming energy through “sticking”, similar in spirit to the Chi Sao drill. Chum Kiu also introduces new skills of moving the horse forward, shifting, and maintaining the center through rotations and movement.
Bil Gee may be translated as “darting/shooting fingers” and includes a primarily offensive arsenal of strikes and movements. There is more footwork in this form, including a sweep, low kicks, and shifting. Learning Bil Gee may help the practitioner to recognize ways to amplify their first two forms Siu Num Tao and Chum Kiu and prepare for emergency scenarios where center control is compromised.